Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis

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Girardinia diversifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Girardinia diversifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp.

Girardinia diversifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp.

Girardinia diversifolia

Photo: Rob Burrett
Bushman's Point, Lake Chivero RP

Girardinia diversifolia

Photo: Rob Burrett
Bushman's Point, Lake Chivero RP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Girardinia condensata (Steud.) Wedd.
Girardinia heterophylla (Vahl) Decne.
Urtica diversifolia Link
Common names: Imbabazane (Ndebele) Jeni (Shona) Murosha (Shona) Stinging nettle (English) Vofa (Shona) Zenya (Shona)
Status: Native
Erect annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.5-2 m tall. Stems sparsely branched, covered with long stinging hairs. Leaves alternate, vary variable in shape and size, from entire to deeply lobed, often on the same plant, more or less broadly ovate in outline, 10-25 long, hairless except for stinging hairs above, pubescent below with stinging hairs on the veins; margin finely to coarsely toothed. Flowers in spike-like axillary clusters, unisexual, normally on the same plant, rarely on different plants by abortion.
Derivation of specific name: diversifolia: with diverse or vvariable leaves
Habitat: In clearings and along margins of evergreen forest, near caves and rocky outcrops, usually in shade.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1710 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and northen South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Yemen and from Sri Lanka and India to southern China, Taiwan and Indonesia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 280. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Friis, I. (1991). Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 86 - 88. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 182.


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Other sources of information about Girardinia diversifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Girardinia diversifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Girardinia diversifolia
Flora of Zambia: Girardinia diversifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Girardinia diversifolia
African Plant Database: Girardinia diversifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Girardinia diversifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Girardinia diversifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Girardinia diversifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Girardinia diversifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Girardinia diversifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Girardinia diversifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Girardinia diversifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Girardinia diversifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Girardinia diversifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Girardinia diversifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Girardinia diversifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Girardinia diversifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Girardinia diversifolia
Tropicos: Girardinia diversifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Girardinia diversifolia., retrieved 21 February 2018

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