Pilea tetraphylla (Steud.) Blume

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Pilea tetraphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelinda Staff Camp, Nyika national Park.

Pilea tetraphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelinda Staff Camp, Nyika national Park.

Pilea tetraphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelinda Staff Camp, Nyika national Park.

Pilea tetraphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelinda Staff Camp, Nyika national Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adicea tetraphylla (Steud.) Kuntze
Pilea hypnopilea Baker
Pilea modesta Baker
Pilea quadrifolia A. Rich.
Pilea tetraphylla (Steud.) Blume var. hypnopilea (Baker) Léandri
Pilea tetraphylla (Steud.) Blume var. major Rendle
Urtica tetraphylla Steud.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect annual herbs. Stems to c. 20 cm. tall, fleshy, pinkish, hairless; leaves of a pair equal, increasing in size upwards, the 4 uppermost leaves appearing to form whorl at the top of the stem. Leaves ovate, 0.7–2 cm long, hairless to sparsely hairy; margin serrate with 5–12 teeth each side; petiole 2–25 mm long. Stipules broadly ovate, up to 4 mm. long, membranous, persistent. Flowers unisexual, usually on the same plant sometimes on different plants by abortion. Male inflorescences small and insignificant, in the axils of the leaves below the apical whorl, sometimes absent, sometimes with a few female flowers, or a few male flowers in the apical inflorescence; male flowers almost sessile, 2–4-merous. Apical inflorescence entirely or almost entirely female; female flowers almost sessile, with one large and 2 or 3 smaller tepals. Fruit a broadly ovoid achene c. 1.5 mm long, compressed, smooth or more or less verrucose.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: tetraphylla: 4-leaved
Habitat: In the humid, shady understorey of montane evergreen forest, in moist places beside boulders and in rock crevices, sometimes as a weed in gardens
Altitude range: (metres) 1650 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in montane areas of tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 16 March 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 280. (Includes a picture).

Friis, I. (1991). Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 96 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.


Other sources of information about Pilea tetraphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pilea tetraphylla
Flora of Zambia: Pilea tetraphylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pilea tetraphylla
African Plant Database: Pilea tetraphylla
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pilea tetraphylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pilea tetraphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pilea tetraphylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pilea tetraphylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pilea tetraphylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pilea tetraphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pilea tetraphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pilea tetraphylla
Ispot Southern Africa: Pilea tetraphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Pilea tetraphylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pilea tetraphylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pilea tetraphylla
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pilea tetraphylla
Tropicos: Pilea tetraphylla


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pilea tetraphylla.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120590, retrieved 16 June 2019

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