Agelanthus lancifolius Polhill & Wiens

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Agelanthus lancifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castle Beacon, Vumba.

Agelanthus lancifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castle Beacon, Vumba.

Agelanthus lancifolius

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castle Beacon, Vumba.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Parasitic shrub with long branches, brown pubescent, compressed when young. Leaves opposite to subopposite, lanceolate, up to c. 8 × 2 cm, fairly thinly textured, hairless, with c. 8-10 pairs of strongly ascending lateral veins; petiole 6-11 mm, pubescent. Flowers in 8-12-flowered axillary umbels. Corolla 4-4.8 cm long, crimson-red with a yellow band around the vents, darkened at the tip; basal swelling up to 6 × 4 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid, with the tube narrowly constricted, often with some spreading hairs on the constriction of the tube; lobes erect, 8 mm long, hardened inside, slightly keeled outside. Stamen filaments inflexed. 
Notes: The specimen in the photographs is very likely of Agelanthus lancifolia, based also on the fact that it was growing on Trimeria grandifolia.
Derivation of specific name: lancifolius: with lance-shaped leaves.
Habitat: In wet evergreen forest, found on Syzygium, Trimeria and Choristylis.
Altitude range: (metres) 1180 - 1950 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: So far known only from forests in the Eastern Higlands of Zimbabwe but likely to also occur in neighbouring Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic?
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 9 March 2012

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 59.

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 170.

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Loranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Page 155.

Other sources of information about Agelanthus lancifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Agelanthus lancifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Agelanthus lancifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Agelanthus lancifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Agelanthus lancifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Agelanthus lancifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Agelanthus lancifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Agelanthus lancifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Agelanthus lancifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Agelanthus lancifolius
Plants of the World Online: Agelanthus lancifolius
Tropicos: Agelanthus lancifolius
Wikipedia: Agelanthus lancifolius

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Agelanthus lancifolius., retrieved 16 June 2024

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