Phytolacca dodecandra L'Hér.

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Phytolacca dodecandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Phytolacca dodecandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Phytolacca dodecandra

Photo: Mark Hyde
Moir Close, Mandara

Phytolacca dodecandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper part of Hill Complex, Great Zimbabwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Inkberry (English)
Status: Native
Robust perennial climber or scrambling shrub. The leaves are ovate-elliptic, tapering to a distinct, mucronate drip-tip; the leaf-base often asymmetrical. Inflorescences in long, erect racemes, white to creamy-green.
Notes: The plants are poisonous and are known to cause deaths among sheep and cattle, which browse the leaves when grass is scarce.
Derivation of specific name: dodecandra: with 12 stamens.
Habitat: In a variety of habitats, commonly scrambling among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Jun-Sep
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 August 2014

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 224. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 236.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 92.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 48.

Stannard, B.L. (1988). Phytolaccaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 164 - 166. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 143.

Other sources of information about Phytolacca dodecandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phytolacca dodecandra
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Phytolacca dodecandra
Flora of Malawi: Phytolacca dodecandra
Flora of Mozambique: Phytolacca dodecandra
Flora of Zambia: Phytolacca dodecandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phytolacca dodecandra
African Plant Database: Phytolacca dodecandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phytolacca dodecandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phytolacca dodecandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phytolacca dodecandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phytolacca dodecandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phytolacca dodecandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Phytolacca dodecandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phytolacca dodecandra
Plants of the World Online: Phytolacca dodecandra
Tropicos: Phytolacca dodecandra
Wikipedia: Phytolacca dodecandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phytolacca dodecandra., retrieved 13 June 2024

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