Annona senegalensis Pers.
subsp. senegalensis

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Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Black granite quarry, Mtoko

Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Black granite quarry, Mtoko

Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd, Altar site

Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd, Altar site

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Muroro (Shona) Ububese (Ndebele) Wild custard-apple (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Large shrub or small tree, 1.5 - 8 m. Leaves broadly ovate to nearly circular, yellowish- or bluish-green, sparsely puberulent above, more glaucous and hairy beneath. Flowers mostly solitary, axillary, petals greenish outside, creamy yellow within, fleshy, hairy or glabrous.
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: In dry open woodland and grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in W, E and southern Africa, also in Madagascar, the Comores and Cape Verde Islands
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Graphium angolanus angolanus (Food plant)
Graphium antheus (Food plant)
Racotis squalida (Larval food plant)
Graphium morania (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 March 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 59. as Annona senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 117. as Annona senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6. as Annona senegalensis oulotricha oulotricha

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237. As Annona senegalensis

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 34 - 35. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 27 - 28. as Annona senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 17.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 141 - 142.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 23.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 8.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 156 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis
Flora of Malawi: Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis
Flora of Zambia: Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Annona senegalensis
African Plant Database: Annona senegalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Annona senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Annona senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Annona senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Annona senegalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Annona senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Annona senegalensis
iNaturalist: Annona senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Annona senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Annona senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Annona senegalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Annona senegalensis
Plants of the World Online: Annona senegalensis
Tropicos: Annona senegalensis
Wikipedia: Annona senegalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis., retrieved 29 September 2022

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