Cadaba natalensis Sond.

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Common names: Green-leaved wormbush (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small scrambling tree, up to c. 3 m tall. Bark greyish-brown; young branches covered in whitish lenticels. Leaves spirally arranged or clustered on dwarf spur branchlets, elliptic to obovate, up to 40 × 15 mm, dark green, thinly textured, hairless or finely hairy; apex rounded or notched, often bristle-tipped. Flowers solitary or in clusters on the spurs, mauve to purple-red; petals absent; stamens and style on a long stalk, called the andogynophore. Fruit narrowly cylindrical, up to c. 50 × 5 mm, warty, hairless. Seeds embedded in an red powdery pulp.
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal, South Africa
Habitat: Occurring in very dry bush and thickets.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jun - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 149. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 231.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 238.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 44.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 209 - 210. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cadaba natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cadaba natalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Cadaba natalensis
Flora of Zambia: Cadaba natalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cadaba natalensis
African Plant Database: Cadaba natalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cadaba natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cadaba natalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cadaba natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cadaba natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cadaba natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cadaba natalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cadaba natalensis
Plants of the World Online: Cadaba natalensis
Tropicos: Cadaba natalensis
Wikipedia: Cadaba natalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cadaba natalensis., retrieved 26 May 2024

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