Maerua buxifolia (Welw. ex Oliv.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.

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Synonyms: Maerua rigida R. Br. var. buxifolia Welw. ex Oliv.
Common names:
Status: Native
Small woody shrub up to 2 m tall with stiff rigid branches. Leaves clustered on dwarf side shoots or occasionally also alternate, simple, obovate, up to 2 cm long, grey-green, leathery; petiole and leaves entirely glabrous; margin entire. Flowers solitary or in pairs on the side shoots. Sepals green; petals present but very small, white; stamens 15-25, c. 1.5 cm long. Fruit bean-like, pendulous, c. 5 cm long, somewhat constricted between the seeds.
Notes: Note: generally very similar to M. parvifolia, is distinguished by the leaves and petioles being entirely without hairs or papillae.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in hot and dry mopane and mixed woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 238.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 225 - 226.

Other sources of information about Maerua buxifolia:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maerua buxifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maerua buxifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maerua buxifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maerua buxifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maerua buxifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maerua buxifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Maerua buxifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maerua buxifolia
Plants of the World Online: Maerua buxifolia
Tropicos: Maerua buxifolia
Wikipedia: Maerua buxifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Maerua buxifolia., retrieved 15 April 2024

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