Maerua salicifolia Wild

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Common names:
Status: Native
Small shrub up to 1.3 m tall. Branches blue-green, ridged, erect. Leaves simple, narrowly elliptic, up to 10 × 2.5 cm, grey-green, hairless. Flowers solitary in the upper leaf axils; sepals pubescent on the inside; petals small, whitish. Stamens c. 30, 2.5 cm long. Fruit ovoid-ellipsoid, c. 2.5 × 2 cm, coarsely verrucose.
Notes: The habitat is under threat by agriculture and over-browsing by elephant. Listed as Vulnerable.
Derivation of specific name: salicifolia: leaves like a willow (Salix sp.)
Habitat: On bare ground and sandy soils in mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe (Binga and Sengwa areas)
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 238.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 163.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 136.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 228.

Other sources of information about Maerua salicifolia:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maerua salicifolia
African Plant Database: Maerua salicifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maerua salicifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maerua salicifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maerua salicifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maerua salicifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maerua salicifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Maerua salicifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maerua salicifolia
Plants of the World Online: Maerua salicifolia
Tropicos: Maerua salicifolia
Wikipedia: Maerua salicifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Maerua salicifolia., retrieved 30 May 2024

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