Trichocladus ellipticus Eckl. & Zeyh.
subsp. malosanus (Baker) Verdc.

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Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus

Photo: Rob Burrett
Along Gairezi River, Nyanga

Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus

Photo: Rob Burrett
Along Gairezi River, Nyanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trichocladus malosanus Baker
Common names: White witch-hazel (English)
Status: Native
Evergreen shrub or small tree, often with long scrambling branched. Young branches densely covered in greyish or rusty-brown stellate hairs. Leaves spirally arranged, lanceolate to elliptic, 5 - 15 cm long, glossy dark green above, covered in a dense felt of creamy-grey to rusty-brown stellate hairs; margin entire; petiole up to 2 cm long grooved above. Flowers in terminal and axillary heads c. 2 cm in diameter, creamy-green. Fruit an almost round capsule, c. 6 × 5 mm, velvety, splitting into 2 valves, the valves splitting again.
Derivation of specific name: ellipticus: elliptic, oblong with rounded ends;
malosana: of Mt Malosa, near Zomba in southern Malawi.
Habitat: In mist-belt forest, along streams and near waterfalls, often as a dominant species.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Eastern DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 December 2020

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 169. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 239.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Mendes, E.J. & Vidigal, M.P. (1978). Hamamelidaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 107.

Other sources of information about Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus
Flora of Malawi: Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus
Flora of Mozambique: Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus
Flora of Zambia: Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trichocladus ellipticus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trichocladus ellipticus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trichocladus ellipticus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trichocladus ellipticus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Trichocladus ellipticus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trichocladus ellipticus
JSTOR Plant Science: Trichocladus ellipticus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trichocladus ellipticus
Plants of the World Online: Trichocladus ellipticus
Tropicos: Trichocladus ellipticus
Wikipedia: Trichocladus ellipticus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trichocladus ellipticus subsp. malosanus., retrieved 21 May 2024

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