Acacia arenaria Schinz

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Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Acacia arenaria

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia hermannii Baker f.
Vachellia arenaria (Schinz) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Ivikani (Ndebele) Sand acacia (English) Sand thorn (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a multi-stemmed shrub up to 3 m tall, rarely a small tree. Thorns in pairs at the nodes, slender, straight, 3-6 cm long. Leaves long and narrow, up to 21 cm long; pinnae 15-35 pairs with 20-30 pairs of closely set small leaflets, greyish-green, finely velvety; petiole with a raised gland at the base. Flowers in series of axillary spherical heads on the new growth, whitish, often appearing as suberect terminal inflorescences. Pods slender, up to 18 × 0.8 cm, curved, hairless, dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: arenaria: of sandy places
Habitat: In dry woodland and scrub, often abundant as a pioneer species along roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1460 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, northern Botswana, Namibia, western Zimbabwe and also in Central Tanzania
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 23 January 2010
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 106 - 107.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 376. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 90 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 34 - 35. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.


Other sources of information about Acacia arenaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia arenaria
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia arenaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia arenaria
African Plant Database: Acacia arenaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia arenaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia arenaria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia arenaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia arenaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia arenaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia arenaria
iNaturalist: Acacia arenaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia arenaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia arenaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia arenaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia arenaria
Plants of the World Online: Acacia arenaria
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia arenaria
Tropicos: Acacia arenaria
Wikipedia: Acacia arenaria


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia arenaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=125780, retrieved 19 November 2019

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