Acacia ataxacantha DC.

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Acacia ataxacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ruia River crossing, Kariba

Acacia ataxacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ruia River crossing, Kariba

Acacia ataxacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ruia River crossing, Kariba

Acacia ataxacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ruia River crossing, Kariba

Acacia ataxacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia lugardiae N.E. Br.
Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Flame thorn (English) Muchanga (Shona) Mugowa (Shona) Mukakanyuro (Shona) Mukombokunono (Shona) Mukomborakombora (Shona) Musavahanga (Shona) Rukato (Shona) Ulutatu (Ndebele) Umbambangwe (Ndebele) Umqaqawe (Ndebele) Uthathawu (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Scrambling or climbing shrub, rarely a small tree. Hooked prickles are scattered along the stems and the leaf rhachis. Leaves with 8-15 pairs of pinnae; petiole with a stalked gland at the base. Flowers in axillary spikes creamy-white. Pod straight, slender, papery reddish-brown, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry wooded grassland and rocky hillsides, often forming thickets in "jesse bush".
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 31 July 2007

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 65 - 66.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 209. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 134 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 90 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Other sources of information about Acacia ataxacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia ataxacantha
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia ataxacantha
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia ataxacantha
Flora of Zambia: Acacia ataxacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia ataxacantha
African Plant Database: Acacia ataxacantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia ataxacantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia ataxacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia ataxacantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia ataxacantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia ataxacantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia ataxacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia ataxacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia ataxacantha
Ispot Southern Africa: Acacia ataxacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia ataxacantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia ataxacantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia ataxacantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia ataxacantha
Tropicos: Acacia ataxacantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia ataxacantha., retrieved 26 June 2019

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