Acacia burkei Benth.

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Synonyms: Senegalia burkei (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Black monkey thorn (English) Mukaya (Hlengwe)
Status: Native
Medium to large deciduous tree. Thorns strongly hooked, blackish-brown, in pairs just below the nodes. Leaves with 3-5 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 4-10 pairs per pinna, velvety at least on the veins. Flowers in white spikes. Pods straight, flat with conspicuous veins, 8-12 cm long, apiculate, blackish-brown, dehiscent.
Notes: Note: This species can be confused with A. goetzei, A. welwitschii and A. nigrescens. It can be distinguished from the latter by the more numerous pinnae and leaflets, which are always narrower and smaller than in A. nigrescens. Although knobbly prickles may develop on the bark of A. burkei, these are never as large and numerous as with A. nigrescens.
Derivation of specific name: burkei: named after Botanist and collector Joseph Burke (1812 - 1873), who collected the type in northern South Africa.
Habitat: On sandy soils in hot and dry deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From KwaZulu-Natal and Eswatini to Mozambique and SE Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 31 July 2007

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 76.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 204. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 40 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia burkei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia burkei
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia burkei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia burkei
African Plant Database: Acacia burkei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia burkei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia burkei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia burkei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia burkei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia burkei
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia burkei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia burkei
Plants of the World Online: Acacia burkei
Tropicos: Acacia burkei
Wikipedia: Acacia burkei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia burkei., retrieved 24 April 2024

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