Acacia erioloba E. Mey.

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Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Main Camp, Hwange NP

Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Main Camp, Hwange NP

Acacia erioloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Main Camp, Hwange NP

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Synonyms: Acacia giraffae Willd.
Vachellia erioloba (E. Mey.) P.J.H. Hurter
Common names: Camel thorn (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Often a medium to large spreading tree, remaining green throughout most of the dry season. Bark rough, dark and fissured; young branches distinctly zigzag. Thorns paired at the nodes, whitish, straight and stout, often swollen at the base. Leaves bipinnate with 2-5 pairs of pinnae; leaflets somewhat blue-green. Glands are present on the rhachis but not on the petiole. Flowers in spherical golden-yellow heads. Pods woody, distinctly kidney or crescent shaped, covered in grey velvet, greatly relished by both game and lifestock.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In sandy or stony soils in dry savannah woodland. In Zimbabwe it is a common constituent of the western Kalahari sands.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, Southwest Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 15 December 2005

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 93. as Acacia giraffae

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 136. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214. as Acacia giraffae

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 257. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 156 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 48 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Other sources of information about Acacia erioloba:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia erioloba
Flora of Zambia: Acacia erioloba

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia erioloba
African Plant Database: Acacia erioloba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia erioloba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia erioloba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia erioloba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia erioloba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia erioloba
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia erioloba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia erioloba
Plants of the World Online: Acacia erioloba
Tropicos: Acacia erioloba
Wikipedia: Acacia erioloba

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia erioloba., retrieved 16 April 2024

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