Acacia exuvialis I. Verd.

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Acacia exuvialis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Kruger National Park, South Africa.

Acacia exuvialis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Kruger National Park, South Africa.

Acacia exuvialis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Kruger National Park, South Africa.

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Synonyms: Vachellia exuvialis (I. Verd.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Flaky-bark thorn (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark peeling in orange-brown papery strips. Thorns paired, straight, up to 7 cm. long, whitish, often somewhat inflated near the base. Leaves with 2-4 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 3-6 pairs per pinna, oblong, 4-10 mm long, largest leaflets at the ends of the pinnae; apex rounded with a small sharp tip; glands present on the rhachis between each pair of pinnae. Flowers in bright yellow spherical axillary heads. Pods more or less strongly sickle-shaped, flattened and somewhat constricted between the seeds, up to c. 5 × 1 cm, glands inconspicuous or absent, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: exuvialis: peeling or flaking, referring to the bark.
Habitat: In mixed, dry deciduous woodland, often in gravelly soils or on rocky ridges.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: SE Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 22 January 2009

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 90.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 197. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 54 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia exuvialis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Acacia exuvialis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia exuvialis
African Plant Database: Acacia exuvialis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia exuvialis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia exuvialis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia exuvialis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia exuvialis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia exuvialis
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia exuvialis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia exuvialis
Plants of the World Online: Acacia exuvialis
Tropicos: Acacia exuvialis
Wikipedia: Acacia exuvialis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia exuvialis., retrieved 27 February 2024

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