Acacia gerrardii Benth.
var. gerrardii

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Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Monavale Vlei

Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Monavale Vlei

Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Monavale Vlei

Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii

Photo: Mark Hyde
Near Monavale Vlei

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vachellia gerrardii (Benth.) P.J.H. Hurter
Common names: Grey-haired acacia (English) Ikope (Ndebele) Isanqawe (Ndebele) Red thorn (English) Uhahla (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Small tree with distinctly ascending branches. Young branches robust, densely covered in tufted leaves and grey velvety hairs; Spines paired, mostly straight, c. 1.5 cm but some pairs long and somewhat recurved. Leaves tufted on woody cushions, up 6 × 4 cm with 5-9 pairs of pinnae, bearing many small, finely pubescent leaflets. Flowers in axillary clusters of spherical heads, white. Pod 8-15 cm, sickle-shaped, narrow, rounded, not woody, covered in grey velvety hairs, dehiscent.
Notes: Note: this is a variable species, not easily identified, most easily confused with Acacia robusta or A. luederitzii. The latter is restricted to Kalahari sand, where A. gerrardii does not occur.
Derivation of specific name: gerrardii: named after William T. Gerrard, English traveller and naturalist, who collected the type specimen in KwaZulu-Natal
Habitat: In woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Throughout most of Tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Anthene amarah amarah (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 10 March 2007

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 105 - 106. as Acacia gerrardii

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 210. as Acacia gerrardii gerrardii gerrardii

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 193. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2. As Acacia gerrardii gerrardii calvescens

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240. As Acacia gerrardii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 60 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Malawi: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Zambia: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia gerrardii
African Plant Database: Acacia gerrardii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia gerrardii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia gerrardii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia gerrardii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia gerrardii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia gerrardii
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia gerrardii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia gerrardii
Plants of the World Online: Acacia gerrardii
Tropicos: Acacia gerrardii
Wikipedia: Acacia gerrardii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii., retrieved 22 June 2024

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