Acacia pentagona (Schumach.) Hook. f.

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Acacia pentagona

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Acacia pentagona

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Acacia pentagona

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Acacia pentaptera Welw.
Acacia silvicola Gilbert & Boutique
Mimosa pentagona Schumach.
Senegalia pentagona (Schumach.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Forest climbing acacia (English) Gato (Ndau) Rukato (Shona)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Robust liana, up to 30 m high. Young branches reddish-brown, often coiling to aid climbing; older stems distinctly 5-angled; hooked prickles scattered along the stems. Leaves up to 25 × 15 cm with 8-15 pairs of pinnae; petiole up 6 cm long. Flowers in spherical heads forming a terminal panicle, white. Pod oblong, hard, indehiscent with a thickened margin, brown.
Derivation of specific name: pentagona: 5-angled
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Sierra Leone to Sudan and South to Angola, eastern Zimbabwe and western Mozambique. Also in Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes zoolina zoolina (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 3 February 2012

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 84 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 206. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 293.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 62.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 54.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia pentagona:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Acacia pentagona
Flora of Zambia: Acacia pentagona

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia pentagona
African Plant Database: Acacia pentagona
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia pentagona
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia pentagona
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia pentagona
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia pentagona
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia pentagona
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acacia pentagona
iNaturalist: Acacia pentagona
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia pentagona
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia pentagona
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia pentagona
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia pentagona
Plants of the World Online: Acacia pentagona
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acacia pentagona
Tropicos: Acacia pentagona
Wikipedia: Acacia pentagona

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia pentagona., retrieved 23 October 2019

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