Newtonia buchananii (Baker) G.C.C. Gilbert & Boutique

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Newtonia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Aberfoyle Country Club, Honde Valley

Newtonia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyabamba Bridge, Chimanimani District

Newtonia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Piptadenia buchananii Baker
Common names: Forest newtonia (English) Mufumoti (Shona) Mujairaya (Ndau) Mujairaya (Shona) Mupfumoti (Ndau)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Very large tree. Bark greyish-brown, fairly smooth; large trees often buttressed at the base Leaves with 12-23 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 38-67 pairs per pinna, linear-oblong, very small, less than 1 cm long; rhachis with a stalked gland between each pair of pinnae. Flowers in axillary spikes up to 19 cm long, white to yellow. Pods slender, up to 32 cm long, flat, splitting on one side and opening out flat. Seeds up to 7.5 cm surrounded by a reddish papery wing.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, this species is mostly below 1400 m, rarely occurring at higher altitudes.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa.
Habitat: In evergreen forest, often near streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1830 m
Flowering time:Jun - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 September 2007

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 28 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 212. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 221. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 40.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 17. as Piptadenia buchanani

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 94 - 95.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.

Other sources of information about Newtonia buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Newtonia buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Newtonia buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Newtonia buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Newtonia buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Newtonia buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Newtonia buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Newtonia buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Newtonia buchananii
iNaturalist: Newtonia buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Newtonia buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Newtonia buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Newtonia buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Newtonia buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Newtonia buchananii
Tropicos: Newtonia buchananii
Wikipedia: Newtonia buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Newtonia buchananii., retrieved 2 December 2021

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