Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.

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Elephantorrhiza burkei

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Matobo Hills, Shumbashaba

Elephantorrhiza burkei

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Matobo Hills, Shumbashaba

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Common names: Broad-pod elephant-root (English) Ililamba (Ndebele) Intolwane (Ndebele) Sumach elephant-root (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree usually 1-6 m high; bark dark-grey to reddish; young branchlets hairless. Leaves bipinnate, 7-18 cm long, mostly hairless; pinnae in 4-8 pairs; leaflets 9-32 pairs per pinna, narrowly oblanceolate to very narrowly elliptic or linear-oblong, 7-15 mm long, hairless, base only slightly asymmetric. Flowers cream or yellow, in racemes 5-12 cm long, hairless but with minute reddish mealy glands present round the base of the pedicels. Petals 3-4·5 mm. long. Pods 10-19 cm long.
Notes: Most similar to Elephantorrhiza elephantina differs in being a shrub or small tree with branched perennial woody stems and not a suffrutex with annual stems; also in the leaflet-base which is less asymmetric than in E. elephantina.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In woodland and grassland, usually in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) 970 - 1370 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mpumalanga South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 10 January 2015

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 27.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 218. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 308 - 309.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 64.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 176 - 177. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 65.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 512 - 513. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 610 - 611. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Elephantorrhiza burkei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elephantorrhiza burkei
Flora of Mozambique: Elephantorrhiza burkei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elephantorrhiza burkei
African Plant Database: Elephantorrhiza burkei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elephantorrhiza burkei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elephantorrhiza burkei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elephantorrhiza burkei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elephantorrhiza burkei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elephantorrhiza burkei
JSTOR Plant Science: Elephantorrhiza burkei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elephantorrhiza burkei
Plants of the World Online: Elephantorrhiza burkei
Tropicos: Elephantorrhiza burkei
Wikipedia: Elephantorrhiza burkei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elephantorrhiza burkei.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126440, retrieved 16 June 2024

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