Erythrophleum africanum (Welw. ex Benth.) Harms

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Erythrophleum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Erythrophleum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Erythrophleum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Erythrophleum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Erythrophleum pubistamineum Henn.
Common names: Ordeal tree (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark rough and grey to blackish; new shoots and young leaves often tinged mauve. Leaves 2-pinnate with 3-4 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 8-17 per pinna, alternate, elliptic, c. 2.5-5 cm long, finely velvety below particularly when young. Flowers in dense spikes, often clustered to form large heads, cream to yellowish, sweetly scented. Fruit a flat woody pod up to 17 cm long, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa
Habitat: In hot and dry woodland and riverine thickets, on Kalahari sand and other sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 207 - 209.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 198 - 199. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 66.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 120 - 121. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 91.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.


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Other sources of information about Erythrophleum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Caprivi: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Malawi: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Zambia: Erythrophleum africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrophleum africanum
African Plant Database: Erythrophleum africanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythrophleum africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrophleum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrophleum africanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrophleum africanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrophleum africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrophleum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrophleum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrophleum africanum
Ispot Southern Africa: Erythrophleum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrophleum africanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrophleum africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrophleum africanum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythrophleum africanum
Tropicos: Erythrophleum africanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erythrophleum africanum., retrieved 24 February 2018

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