Brachystegia glaucescens Hutch. & Burtt Davy

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Brachystegia glaucescens

Photo: Mark Hyde
Domboshawa Hill

Brachystegia glaucescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Brachystegia glaucescens

Photo: Rob Burrett
Domboshawa

Brachystegia glaucescens

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Brachystegia glaucescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

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Synonyms: Brachystegia fischeri Taub.
Brachystegia pectinata Sim
Brachystegia reticulata Hutch & Burtt Davy
Brachystegia tamarindoides Benth. subsp. microphylla (Harms) Chikuni (in part)
Common names: Gizhe (Shona) Guzhe (Shona) Mountain-acacia (English) Muunze (Shona) Redwood (English) Tsotso (Shona) Umbuze (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
A spreading beautiful tree, with broad horizontal branches, briefly deciduous. Bark grey, smoothish, to flaking in roundish disks, the trunk and branches showing characteristic rounded bulges. Dormant axillary buds globose. Leaves with rhachis narrowly channelled at first; leaflets glabrous, in 9–23 pairs, varying from 9–16 to 14–18, the number exhibiting clinal variation, small, asymmetrical, middle pairs the largest, 10–30 × 2–10 mm, oblong-lanceolate, sometimes somewhat falcate; apex rounded to obtuse, sometimes minutely apiculate; base obliquely rounded or truncate to subcordate; midveins almost central; petiole 2–6 mm long. Flowers in short terminal heads, small and inconspicuous, creamy-white; petals absent. Pods 8—13 cm long, hairless, dark brown to purplish in colour.
Notes: Although closely related to B. microphylla that species has more, 25-72, pairs of smaller, 5–15 × 1–2 mm leaflets and occurs in rocky foothills and escarpments in high rainfall and mist-belt areas.
Derivation of specific name: glaucescens: becoming glaucous (bluish-green)
Habitat: Always in rocky habitats: on slopes and summits of rocky hills and kopjes, usually above 1,000 m.
Altitude range: (metres) 150 - 1660 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 11 August 2006
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 97 - 99. as Brachystegia tamarindoides subsp. microphylla

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 119. as Brachystegia tamarindoides

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 241. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 85 - 88. as Brachystegia tamarindoides (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 64 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 19 - 20. as Brachystegia tamarindoides

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 90.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.


Other sources of information about Brachystegia glaucescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachystegia glaucescens
Flora of Mozambique: Brachystegia glaucescens
Flora of Zambia: Brachystegia glaucescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachystegia glaucescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystegia glaucescens
African Plant Database: Brachystegia glaucescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystegia glaucescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystegia glaucescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachystegia glaucescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachystegia glaucescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystegia glaucescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachystegia glaucescens
iNaturalist: Brachystegia glaucescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystegia glaucescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystegia glaucescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachystegia glaucescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystegia glaucescens
Plants of the World Online: Brachystegia glaucescens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachystegia glaucescens
Tropicos: Brachystegia glaucescens
Wikipedia: Brachystegia glaucescens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachystegia glaucescens.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126620, retrieved 7 August 2020

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