Brachystegia torrei Hoyle

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Synonyms: Brachystegia sp. nov. 1 sensu Coates Palgrave
Brachystegia tamarindoides Benth. subsp. torrei (Hoyle) Chikuni
Common names:
Status: Native
Deciduous tree, 10—18 m in height with a spreading crown. Bark smooth, grey, flaking in thin plates to reveal a reddish brown underbark. Leaflets in 6–10 pairs, distal pair or those next to the distal pair slightly larger than the rest, 2–3 times longer than wide, 22-35 × 5—12 mm narrowly to broadly ovate, oblong-lanceolate; apex subacute to rounded or retuse; base more or less oblique; midveins subcentral; petiole 5—15 mm long. Flowers in short terminal heads, small and inconspicuous, creamy-white; petals absent. Pods 8—11 × 2—3 cm. thinly woody, hairless.
Notes: B. torrei has been treated as a full species rather than a subspecies of tamarindoides for the following reasons:

(a) B. torrei has 6-10 pairs of leaflets which, if it were included in tamarindoides, would mean that that species had a range of 6-72 pairs of leaflets which would be stretching the species concept too far.

(b) B. torrei occurs at low altitudes in sandy soils whereas both glaucescens and microphylla typically occur at higher latitudes in rocky places.
Derivation of specific name: torrei: after António Rocha da Torre (1904 - 1995), a prolific collector in Mozambique.
Habitat: Sand forest and open deciduous woodland on rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 400 m
Flowering time:Aug-Oct
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Zimbabwe, adjacent Mozambique and in Malawi.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 97 - 100. As B. tamarindoides subsp. torrei (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 242. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. As Brachystegia sp 1

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243. As Brachystegia sp 1

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Other sources of information about Brachystegia torrei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachystegia torrei
Flora of Mozambique: Brachystegia torrei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystegia torrei
African Plant Database: Brachystegia torrei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystegia torrei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystegia torrei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystegia torrei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachystegia torrei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystegia torrei
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystegia torrei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystegia torrei
Plants of the World Online: Brachystegia torrei
Tropicos: Brachystegia torrei
Wikipedia: Brachystegia torrei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachystegia torrei., retrieved 4 December 2023

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