Tamarindus indica L.

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Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo Pools, near camp, Umfurudzi Safari Area.

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Common names: Musika (Shona) Tamarind (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native or possibly introduced
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves pinnate with up to 18 pairs of leaflets. Flowers in short attractive racemes; sepals creamy-white; petals conspicuously veined with red. Pods curved, sausage-like, constricted around the seeds, not splitting.
Notes: It has been suggested that its origins may be either in Madagascar or in North Africa and Asia, from where it has since been spread throughout the tropics. It was already known in Egypt more than 3000 years ago.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India although it has also been suggested that it may be native to Madagascar.
Habitat: In woodland and wooded grassland, often along river banks and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Achaea catella (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 24 February 2016

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 60 - 62. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 270. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Other sources of information about Tamarindus indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tamarindus indica
Flora of Malawi: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Mozambique: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zambia: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Tamarindus indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tamarindus indica
African Plant Database: Tamarindus indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tamarindus indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tamarindus indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tamarindus indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tamarindus indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tamarindus indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Tamarindus indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tamarindus indica
Plants of the World Online: Tamarindus indica
Tropicos: Tamarindus indica
Wikipedia: Tamarindus indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tamarindus indica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126750, retrieved 22 May 2024

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