Afzelia quanzensis Welw.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (12)

Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Rawdon Goodier

Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
Near Whitewaters, Matobo National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Intsia quanzensis (Welw.) Kuntze
Pahudia quangensis sensu Eyles
Common names: Ihlene (Ndebele) Mugogoma (Shona) Mugoriondo (Shona) Mujarakamba (Shona) Mukamba (Shona) Mungwingwi (Shona) Pod mahogany (English) Umkamba (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Medium-sized to large deciduous tree. Bark greyish-brown, flaking, leaving pale patches. Stipules present. Leaves paripinnate with 4-6 pairs of (sub)opposite leaflets. Leaflets oblong-elliptic, 3-9 cm long, dark green above paler below, leathery; margin entire with a yellow rim. Inflorescence leaf-opposed, racemose, 4-7-flowered. Flowers with a single petal, pinkish-red with yellow veining. Fruit a large flattened pod, thickly woody, 10-17 cm, splitting to reveal large, shiny black seeds with a bright red aril.
Notes: The wood, known as Chamfute, is hard and durable. The tree is threatened by illegal cutting for wood carvings.
Although recorded at up to 1530 m in altitude, it is much commoner at lower altitudes.
Derivation of specific name: Quanzensis: of the Cuanza River, Angola
Habitat: In lowveld woodland and forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1530 m
Flowering time:Jul - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Charaxes protoclea azota (Food plant)
Charaxes etesipe tavetensis (Larval foodplant)
Charaxes castor flavifasciatus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 6 April 2008

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 19.

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 63 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 238. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 61 - 65. as Afzelia cuanzensis (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 209. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 61.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 17 - 18. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 90.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208.

Other sources of information about Afzelia quanzensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Caprivi: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Malawi: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Mozambique: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Zambia: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Afzelia quanzensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Afzelia quanzensis
African Plant Database: Afzelia quanzensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Afzelia quanzensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Afzelia quanzensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Afzelia quanzensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Afzelia quanzensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Afzelia quanzensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Afzelia quanzensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Afzelia quanzensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Afzelia quanzensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Afzelia quanzensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Afzelia quanzensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Afzelia quanzensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Afzelia quanzensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Afzelia quanzensis
Tropicos: Afzelia quanzensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Afzelia quanzensis., retrieved 9 December 2018

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use