Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don

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Eriosema psoraleoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Bunga Forest

Eriosema psoraleoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Entrance of Sheba Forestry Estate

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Synonyms: Crotalaria psoraleoides Lam.
Eriosema cajanoides (Guill. & Perr.) Hook.f.
Common names: Canary pea (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Much-branched, bushy perennial, 1-2.5 m. Leaves 3-foliolate, rarely 1-foliolate on the lower leaves; leaflets elliptic-oblong to obovate-elliptic, 2.5-95 cm, finely pubescent above, paler, velvety with prominent venation beneath. Flowers in many-flowered, terminal and axillary racemes, golden yellow. Pods 1-2 cm, ovate to almost circular, covered in long spreading hairs.
Derivation of specific name: psoraleoides: resembling Psoralea another genus in this family
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats but often in damp places, e.g. by streams and in high rainfall areas, also in disturbed ground
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal. Also in Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 17 January 2007

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 91. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 301. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 218 - 219.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 56, plate 81

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 274 - 275. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 204 - 205. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 66.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 24. Erroneously as Eriosema polystachyum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 99.

Other sources of information about Eriosema psoraleoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eriosema psoraleoides
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eriosema psoraleoides
Flora of Malawi: Eriosema psoraleoides
Flora of Mozambique: Eriosema psoraleoides
Flora of Zambia: Eriosema psoraleoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema psoraleoides
African Plant Database: Eriosema psoraleoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema psoraleoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema psoraleoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema psoraleoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema psoraleoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema psoraleoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema psoraleoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema psoraleoides
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema psoraleoides
Tropicos: Eriosema psoraleoides
Wikipedia: Eriosema psoraleoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eriosema psoraleoides., retrieved 20 May 2024

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