Sphenostylis erecta (Baker f.) Hutch. ex Baker f.
subsp. erecta

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Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Synonyms: Sphenostylis marginata E. Mey. subsp. erecta (Baker f.) Verdc.
Common names: The African yam bean (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect subshrub with 3-foliolate, distinctly acuminate leaves. It normally flowers when entirely leafless.
Notes: S. erecta subsp. obtusifolia is distinguished by being a trailing, climbing or creeping herb, sometimes forming mats. It also has broader leaflets which are mucronate or only shortly acuminate.This species has been domesticated as a food source in West Africa but is not widely used elsewhere on the continent.
Derivation of specific name: erecta: erect
Habitat: In open woodland and grassland, often appearing after fires
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 44 - 45. as Sphenostylis marginata erecta (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 38. as Sphenostylis marginata

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 227. As: Sphenostylis marginata erecta

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 69 - 70.

Other sources of information about Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta
Flora of Mozambique: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta
Flora of Zambia: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sphenostylis erecta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sphenostylis erecta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sphenostylis erecta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphenostylis erecta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sphenostylis erecta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sphenostylis erecta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sphenostylis erecta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sphenostylis erecta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphenostylis erecta
Ispot Southern Africa: Sphenostylis erecta
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphenostylis erecta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sphenostylis erecta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sphenostylis erecta
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sphenostylis erecta
Tropicos: Sphenostylis erecta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=132410, retrieved 21 March 2019

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