Hugonia orientalis Engl.

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Hugonia orientalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Hugonia orientalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Hugonia orientalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Hugonia orientalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By entrance at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge.

Hugonia orientalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hugonia busseana Engl.
Hugonia swynnertonii De Wild.
Hugonia trigyna Summerh.
Common names: Rams-horns (English)
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or small tree; bark yellowish to brown, corky; strong, woody, curving paired tendrils often present. Leaves mostly clustered on short spur-branchlets, elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, mostly 5-7 cm, occasionally longer, midrib and lateral veins prominent below; margin entire or toothed. Flowers mostly solitary, axillary, yellow, c. 2 cm in diameter, sweetly scented. Fruit pendulous, ovoid, fleshy, 1.5 cm long, yellow to orange.
Notes: We have followed Coates Palgrave (2002) and have sunk H. busseana under H. orientalis.
Derivation of specific name: orientalis: oriental, eastern
Habitat: On sandy soils in hot dry evergreen forest, woodland and thickets, often along rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Pages 341 - 342. Also as Hugonia busseana (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58. Also as Hugonia busseana

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Linaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 93 - 95. Also as Hugonia busseana (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 116.

Other sources of information about Hugonia orientalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hugonia orientalis
Flora of Mozambique: Hugonia orientalis
Flora of Zambia: Hugonia orientalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hugonia orientalis
African Plant Database: Hugonia orientalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hugonia orientalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hugonia orientalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hugonia orientalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hugonia orientalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hugonia orientalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hugonia orientalis
iNaturalist: Hugonia orientalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hugonia orientalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Hugonia orientalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hugonia orientalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hugonia orientalis
Plants of the World Online: Hugonia orientalis
Tropicos: Hugonia orientalis
Wikipedia: Hugonia orientalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hugonia orientalis., retrieved 20 October 2021

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