Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.

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Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Common names: Chikafusi (Shona) Climbing orange (English) Cockspur orange (English) Gato (Shona) Mubhatakhamba (Ndau) Rukato (Shona)
Frequency: Common in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Strong robust liane. The young branches are covered with sharp, hooked thorns. In older branches these form thickened knobs, which still maintain the hooks. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate, shiny green, paler below, covered with translucent gland-dots, with a strong citrus smell when crushed. Flowers in axillary and terminal clusters or branched inflorescences, cream to pale greenish-yellow. Fruit small, citrus-like, orange when ripe.
Notes: The status of this record from the Central Division is discussed in Note 1.
Derivation of specific name: asiatica: of Asia
Habitat: In evergreen forest and riverine forest margins, often climbing into the canopy of larger trees.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1730 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Africa from East and Central Africa southwards to South Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands and India
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 9 January 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 199.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 29. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 171.


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Other sources of information about Toddalia asiatica:

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Flora of Malawi: Toddalia asiatica
Flora of Mozambique: Toddalia asiatica
Flora of Zambia: Toddalia asiatica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Toddalia asiatica
African Plant Database: Toddalia asiatica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Toddalia asiatica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Toddalia asiatica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Toddalia asiatica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Toddalia asiatica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Toddalia asiatica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Toddalia asiatica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Toddalia asiatica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Toddalia asiatica
Ispot Southern Africa: Toddalia asiatica
JSTOR Plant Science: Toddalia asiatica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Toddalia asiatica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Toddalia asiatica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Toddalia asiatica
Tropicos: Toddalia asiatica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Toddalia asiatica., retrieved 24 February 2018

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