Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth.

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Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co. Estate.

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co. Estate.

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Crimsonwing cottage, Seldomseen, Vumba

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Crimsonwing cottage, Seldomseen, Vumba

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Clausena anisata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clausena abyssinica (Engl.) Engl.
Clausena inaequalis (DC.) Benth.
Common names: Horsewood (English) Maggot killer (English) Muvengahonye (Shona) Muvhunambezo (Shona)
Frequency: Locally common in high rainfall areas
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves pinnately compound with 10-17 alternate or subopposite leaflets and a terminal leaflet. The leaves are densely dotted with glands and have a strong scent when crushed. The scent has been likened to aniseed and opinions vary on its pleasantness. Inflorescence a branched axillary spray; flowers small but attractive, white with orange-yellow stamens.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: anisata: aniseed-scented
Habitat: In, and on the margins of, evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2150 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical africa to South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio echeroides chirindanus (Larval foodplant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 17 June 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 251. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14. As Clausena anisata anisata

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 191 - 193. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 28. usena inequalis (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 171.


Other sources of information about Clausena anisata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Clausena anisata
Flora of Mozambique: Clausena anisata
Flora of Zambia: Clausena anisata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clausena anisata
African Plant Database: Clausena anisata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clausena anisata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clausena anisata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clausena anisata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clausena anisata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clausena anisata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clausena anisata
iNaturalist: Clausena anisata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clausena anisata
JSTOR Plant Science: Clausena anisata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clausena anisata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clausena anisata
Plants of the World Online: Clausena anisata
Tropicos: Clausena anisata
Wikipedia: Clausena anisata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Clausena anisata.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133210, retrieved 24 October 2020

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