Citrus × aurantium L.

We have few details about this taxon; if you can provide any information, photos or reliable records, please contact one of the site authors. Email addresses are given on the home page.

Images: None on this site.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Bitter orange (English) Clementine (English) Grapefruit (English) Orange (English) Tangelo (English) Tangor (English)
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Struwe, L. (2014). The species names of citrus - a sweet, sour, and sticky mess

Other sources of information about Citrus × aurantium:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Citrus × aurantium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Citrus × aurantium
African Plant Database: Citrus × aurantium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Citrus × aurantium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Citrus × aurantium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Citrus × aurantium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Citrus × aurantium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Citrus × aurantium
JSTOR Plant Science: Citrus × aurantium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Citrus × aurantium
Plants of the World Online: Citrus × aurantium
Tropicos: Citrus × aurantium
Wikipedia: Citrus × aurantium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Citrus × aurantium., retrieved 28 February 2024

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