Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.

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Citrus limon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Citrus limon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Citrus abyssinica (Engl.) Engl.
Citrus inaequalis (DC.) Benth.
Common names: Lemon-tree (English) Mundimu (Shona) Muremani (Shona)
Status: Introduced
Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves simple (1-foliolate) with a winged petiole. Flowers bisexual, (4)5-merous), white with numerous stamens. Fruit ovoid, many-seeded, fleshy with a thick slightly warty skin, green to yellow when ripe (the well-known lemon).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A regular, non-invasive escape along forest margins and in riverine fringes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native to Asia and widely cultivated as a fruit tree and occasionally naturalized.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 9 January 2007

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Other sources of information about Citrus limon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Citrus limon
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Citrus limon
Flora of Mozambique: Citrus limon
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Citrus limon
Flora of Zambia: Citrus limon
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Citrus limon
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Citrus limon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Citrus limon
African Plant Database: Citrus limon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Citrus limon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Citrus limon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Citrus limon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Citrus limon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Citrus limon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Citrus limon
iNaturalist: Citrus limon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Citrus limon
JSTOR Plant Science: Citrus limon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Citrus limon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Citrus limon
Plants of the World Online: Citrus limon
Tropicos: Citrus limon
Wikipedia: Citrus limon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Citrus limon., retrieved 17 January 2021

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