Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.[Agg]

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Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by rd from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Mberengwa - West Nicholson road

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Synonyms: Commiphora pilosa (Engl.) Engl.
Common names: Iminyela (Ndebele) Mbwabwa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mubvuka (Shona) Muchabobo (Shona) Mugugudo (Hlengwe) Mugugudu (Shona) Mukwendekwende (Shona) Munyera (Shona) Poison-grub commiphora (English) Poison-grub corkwood (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark grey-green, flaking, exuding pale gum where damaged. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate, terminal leaflet at least twice the size of lateral leaflets, covered in fine velvety hairs on both surfaces; margin scalloped. Flowers small, in axillary clusters, reddish green. Fruit almost spherical, red when ripe.
Notes: Notes:
(a) two varieties have been recorded: var. africana (NWCES) and var. rubriflora (Engl.) Wild (also NWCES).
(b) C. africana is similar to Commiphora schimperi which has hairless, glossy leaflets.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In dry bush and woodland, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) 580 - 1490 m
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia and northern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 6 July 2018

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 58 - 60. as Commiphora pilosa (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 39.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31. as both varieties

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 59.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 31. as Commiphora pilosa

Other sources of information about Commiphora africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora africana
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commiphora africana
African Plant Database: Commiphora africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commiphora africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commiphora africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commiphora africana
iNaturalist: Commiphora africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commiphora africana
Plants of the World Online: Commiphora africana
Tropicos: Commiphora africana
Wikipedia: Commiphora africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora africana., retrieved 29 October 2020

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