Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl.
subsp. edulis

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Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Gumani Hill, Humani Ranch

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Synonyms: Commiphora chlorocarpa Engl.
Common names: Butyagela (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Jefu-jefu (Hlengwe) Muchororo (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mumwatikatiki (Shona) Rough-leaved corkwood (English)
Status: Native
Multi-stemmed shrub or small deciduous unarmed tree. Bark smooth pale grey, peeling in small pieces to reveal green under layer. Leaves, imparipinnate with 2-6 pairs of leaflets and a larger terminal leaflet; leaflets elliptic-oblong, up to 7 cm long, grey-green with stiff bristly hairs; margins entire or finely crenulate. Flowers small, yellow in axillary branched heads. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 2 cm long, pubescent, apricot-coloured when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: Occurring in hot, dry woodland and thickets, often on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 368. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 277.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249. As Commiphora edulis

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 77.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 224. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 42.

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 279. As Commiphora edulis (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Caprivi: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commiphora edulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commiphora edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora edulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commiphora edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commiphora edulis
iNaturalist: Commiphora edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora edulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commiphora edulis
Plants of the World Online: Commiphora edulis
Tropicos: Commiphora edulis
Wikipedia: Commiphora edulis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis., retrieved 24 November 2020

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