Uapaca kirkiana Müll. Arg.
var. kirkiana

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Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Photo: Mark Hyde
Carpark at base of Domboshawa hill

Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner Farm, Arcturus

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mahobohobo (English) Mushuku (Shona) Mutongoro (Shona) Muzhanje (Shona) Umhobohobo (Ndebele) Wild loquat (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small evergreen tree with large, brittle, ovate to obovate leaves. Leaves often distinctly curled over from the midrib in the shape of a saddle. Flowers unisexual, often, but not always, sexes on different trees. Fruits orange-yellow.
Notes: Fruits edible and particularly sought after by local people.
Derivation of specific name: kirkiana: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland where it may be one of the co-dominant species.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa from Burundi south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis bamptoni (Larval foodplant)
Abantis arctomarginata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 31 August 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 149. as Uapaca kirkiana

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 420. As Uapaca kirkiana (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 180 - 184. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 7.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251. As Uapaca kirkiana

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 10 - 11. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 100 - 102. As Uapaca kirkiana

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 38.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 89.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana
Flora of Mozambique: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana
Flora of Zambia: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Uapaca kirkiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Uapaca kirkiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Uapaca kirkiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Uapaca kirkiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Uapaca kirkiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Uapaca kirkiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Uapaca kirkiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Uapaca kirkiana
Plants of the World Online: Uapaca kirkiana
Tropicos: Uapaca kirkiana
Wikipedia: Uapaca kirkiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana., retrieved 28 May 2024

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