Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill.

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Bridelia micrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Bridelia micrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Great Zimbabwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mitzeerie (English) Mudzinza (Shona) Mufukusi (Shona) Mukodokodo (Shona) Mukwandu (Shona) Mushungunu (Shona) Mutorarwizi (Shona) Mutsetsauta (Shona) Mutugusi (Shona)
Frequency: Common in high rainfall areas
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree, evergreen or deciduous. Young branchlets often with spines, occasionally blunt thorns are still present on older branches. Leaves elliptic to obovate, glossy dark green, paler below; young leaves often purplish. Flowers unisexual on the same tree, very small, yellow-green, in axillary clusters. Fruit an ellipsoid berry, blackish when ripe, edible and sweet.
Derivation of specific name: micrantha: small-flowered
Habitat: In riverine forest, woodland and along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa to the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Also in Réunion.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Food plant)
Anaphe reticulata (Larval foodplant)
Charaxes castor flavifasciatus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 24 February 2007

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 409. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 20 - 21.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 35.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 85.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Bridelia micrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Bridelia micrantha
Flora of Malawi: Bridelia micrantha
Flora of Mozambique: Bridelia micrantha
Flora of Zambia: Bridelia micrantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bridelia micrantha
African Plant Database: Bridelia micrantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bridelia micrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bridelia micrantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bridelia micrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bridelia micrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bridelia micrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Bridelia micrantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bridelia micrantha
Plants of the World Online: Bridelia micrantha
Tropicos: Bridelia micrantha
Wikipedia: Bridelia micrantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bridelia micrantha., retrieved 26 May 2024

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