Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A. Juss. ex Spreng.

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Chrozophora plicata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tembwahata pans, Gonarezhou National Park.

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Synonyms: Croton plicatus Vahl
Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate or more or less erect, branched annual or perennial herb, up to 50 cm. Most parts densely covered in greyish stellate hairs. Leaves rhombic-ovate, up to 7 × 5 cm with a long petiole, plicate-undulate, especially when young, 3-5-veined from the base with 2 dark purple glands at the base; margin more or less entire or obscurely toothed. Flowers in leaf-opposed or pseudo-axillary inflorescences, covered in stellate hairs, unisexual. Male flowers orange-yellow or pinkish; female flowers, crimson-red, Fruit up to 5 × 9 mm, 3-lobed, densely covered in stellate hairs, reddish or bluish-purple when ripe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In alluvial soils on floodplains, mudflats and margins of pans.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 610 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa to northern SouthAfrica. Also in Egypt, Syria, Palestine and western Arabia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 24 March 2008

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 141 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Chrozophora plicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Chrozophora plicata
Flora of Zambia: Chrozophora plicata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrozophora plicata
African Plant Database: Chrozophora plicata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrozophora plicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrozophora plicata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrozophora plicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chrozophora plicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrozophora plicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrozophora plicata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrozophora plicata
Plants of the World Online: Chrozophora plicata
Tropicos: Chrozophora plicata
Wikipedia: Chrozophora plicata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chrozophora plicata., retrieved 30 May 2024

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