Acalypha ciliata Forssk.

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Acalypha ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Acalypha ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Acalypha ciliata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ricinocarpus ciliatus (Forssk.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb, up to 1.3 m tall. Stems finely velvety. Leaves elliptic-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, up to 10 × 5.5 cm, 3-5-veined from the base, thinly textured, hairless to sparingly hairy on both surfaces, often more so on the midrib and veins below; margin toothed; petiole up to 7 cm long. Flowers in axillary spikes, up to 3cm long, unisexual on the same inflorescence. Female flowers below, held in bracts with ciliate, filiform teeth on the margin, up to 4 mm long; male flowers above, very small, greenish with yellow anthers. Fruit 1.5 × 2.5 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, more or less hairless.
Notes: See Acalypha fimbriata for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: ciliata: fringed with hairs; ciliate
Habitat: In Acacia woodland, riverine vegetation, on the margins of pans, on alluvial soil or sandy soil near the edge of water. Also along margins of sand forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa but absent from the Congo basin; also in Yemen, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 October 2019

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 204 - 205.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 55.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 206.

Other sources of information about Acalypha ciliata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acalypha ciliata
Flora of Caprivi: Acalypha ciliata
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Acalypha ciliata
Flora of Malawi: Acalypha ciliata
Flora of Mozambique: Acalypha ciliata
Flora of Zambia: Acalypha ciliata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acalypha ciliata
African Plant Database: Acalypha ciliata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acalypha ciliata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acalypha ciliata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acalypha ciliata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acalypha ciliata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acalypha ciliata
JSTOR Plant Science: Acalypha ciliata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acalypha ciliata
Plants of the World Online: Acalypha ciliata
Tropicos: Acalypha ciliata
Wikipedia: Acalypha ciliata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acalypha ciliata., retrieved 22 May 2024

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