Tragia mazoensis Radcl.-Sm.

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Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mtoroshanga Pass, Great Dyke

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mtoroshanga Pass, Great Dyke

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Tragia mazoensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial herb, up to 40 cm high, with several stems growing from a woody rootstock. Nettle-like, irritating and painful to the skin when touched. Leaves linear-lanceiolate, 1-4 cm long, 3-5-veined from the base, sparsely velvety on both surfaces and with irritant bristles on the midrib and main veins beneath; margin entire or with a few apical teeth; petiole 1-2 mm long or leaves subsessile. Flowers unisexual on different plants. Male inflorescences terminal, up to 9 cm long; female inflorescences leaf-opposed, up to 4 cm long. Fruit 6 × 8 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, densely covered in stinging bristles.
Notes: Closely related to T. lukafuensis from Zambia, differing mainly in the leaf margins being entire or sparsely toothed near the apex.
Derivation of specific name: mazoensis: of the Mazoe area in northern Zimbabwe.
Habitat: Restricted to the northern Great Dyke, on open grassy hillsides, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Northern Zimbabwe only
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 March 2013
Literature:

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 180.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 140.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 220 - 222. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Tragia mazoensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tragia mazoensis
African Plant Database: Tragia mazoensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tragia mazoensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tragia mazoensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tragia mazoensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tragia mazoensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tragia mazoensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tragia mazoensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tragia mazoensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tragia mazoensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Tragia mazoensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Tragia mazoensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tragia mazoensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tragia mazoensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tragia mazoensis
Tropicos: Tragia mazoensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tragia mazoensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135250, retrieved 16 July 2019

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