Gymnosporia mossambicensis (Klotzsch) Loes.
subsp. mossambicensis

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Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndzou Camp, Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest

Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Swanepoel Concession, Cheringoma

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Synonyms: Celastrus concinnus N.E. Br.
Celastrus huillensis sensu Steedman
Celastrus mossambicensis Klotzsch
Maytenus mossambicensis (Klotzsch) Blakelock var. mossambicensis
Common names: Long-spined maytenus (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Multi-stemmed shrub, armed or with straight spines up to 8 cm long. Branches reddish-brown, with pale lenticels when young. Leaves green, up to c. 5 × 2.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate, ovate to almost round, hairless; margins irregularly crenate-dentate; stipules triangular, small and inconspicuous. Inflorescences lax, axillary, branched, usually much longer than the leaves. Flowers white. Fruit a semi-fleshy, 3-lobed capsule, pendulous on a long stalk, greenish-white to reddish brown or carmine when ripe.
Notes: This species is superficially similar to G. harveyana with which it has long been considered conspecific. It is however fairly easily distinguished by the much more lax and longer inflorescences which are usually much longer than the leaves; the absence of conspicuous thread-like stipules and the almost 3-sided fruits.
Derivation of specific name: mossambicensis: of Mozambique
Habitat: in thickets, Brachystegia and mixed woodland and along the margins of low-altitude forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:most of the year
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 508. As Gymnosporia mossambicensis (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22. As Maytenus mossambicensis

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 76. as Maytenus mossambicensis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Maytenus mossambicensis mossambicensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 362. As Maytenus mossambicensis mossambicensis

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 41. as Celastrus huillensis (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis
Flora of Mozambique: Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
iNaturalist: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Plants of the World Online: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Tropicos: Gymnosporia mossambicensis
Wikipedia: Gymnosporia mossambicensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gymnosporia mossambicensis subsp. mossambicensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136960, retrieved 6 December 2019

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