Pterocelastrus echinatus N.E. Br.

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Pterocelastrus echinatus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Pterocelastrus echinatus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Pterocelastrus echinatus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Pterocelastrus echinatus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gymnosporia nyasica Burtt Davy & Hutch.
Pterocelastrus galpinii Loes.
Pterocelastrus rehmannii Davison
Pterocelastrus rostratus sensu auct.
Pterocelastrus variabilis sensu Sim
Common names: Hedgehog-tree (English) White candlewood (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark pale grey or brownish, revealing bright orange underbark on young stems; young branchlets angular, reddish. leaves spirally arranged, oblong-elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, 3-9 cm long, somewhat thickly leathery, somewhat dark, glossy green above, paler beneath, hairless; margin entire, often sloghtly rolled under; petiole up to 8 mm long, sometimes reddish with colour running into the midrib. Flowers small, white to cream, scented, in compact axillary clusters, up to 2 cm long. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule 6-8 mm long, red whin ripe, each lobe with 1-3 spine-like points or ridges.
Derivation of specific name: echinatus: with prickles or spines, referring to the spine-like point on the lobes of the fruit.
Habitat: In the understorey of (sub)montane forest, often on rocky slopes.
Altitude range: (metres) 1230 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 17 February 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 502. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 597.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 43.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 34.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 374 - 376. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 360 - 361. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 67.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 190. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 90.

Other sources of information about Pterocelastrus echinatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pterocelastrus echinatus
Flora of Mozambique: Pterocelastrus echinatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pterocelastrus echinatus
African Plant Database: Pterocelastrus echinatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pterocelastrus echinatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pterocelastrus echinatus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pterocelastrus echinatus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pterocelastrus echinatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pterocelastrus echinatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pterocelastrus echinatus
iNaturalist: Pterocelastrus echinatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pterocelastrus echinatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Pterocelastrus echinatus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pterocelastrus echinatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pterocelastrus echinatus
Plants of the World Online: Pterocelastrus echinatus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pterocelastrus echinatus
Tropicos: Pterocelastrus echinatus
Wikipedia: Pterocelastrus echinatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pterocelastrus echinatus., retrieved 21 October 2019

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