Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
var. halicacabum

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Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

Photo: Bart Wursten
At Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Balloon vine (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual climber. Stems with minutely puberulous, sometimes slightly woody; tendrils present. Leaves biternate, essentially 3-foliolate with each part divided again into 3 leaflets; leaflets with coarse serrate teeth. Flowers in axillary heads, usually 3-flowered by abortion, white with a yellowish centre. Fruit a membranous, inflated capsule, green, drying to brown, more than 2 cm long. Seeds round and black with a broadly heart-shaped or kidney-shaped spot (hilum).
Notes: See var. microcarpum for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Mainly in riverine fringes.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes varanes varanes (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 101 - 102. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 509 - 510. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 422. as Cardiospermum halicacabum (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 363. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 59.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 225. as Cardiospermum halicacabum


Other sources of information about Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum
Flora of Caprivi: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum
Flora of Malawi: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum
Flora of Mozambique: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum
Flora of Zambia: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cardiospermum halicacabum
African Plant Database: Cardiospermum halicacabum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cardiospermum halicacabum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cardiospermum halicacabum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cardiospermum halicacabum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cardiospermum halicacabum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cardiospermum halicacabum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cardiospermum halicacabum
iNaturalist: Cardiospermum halicacabum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cardiospermum halicacabum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cardiospermum halicacabum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cardiospermum halicacabum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cardiospermum halicacabum
Plants of the World Online: Cardiospermum halicacabum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cardiospermum halicacabum
Tropicos: Cardiospermum halicacabum
Wikipedia: Cardiospermum halicacabum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137320, retrieved 23 August 2019

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