Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich.

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Ziziphus abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Ziziphus abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Ziziphus abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Ziziphus abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Ziziphus abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Large jujube (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, armed with distinct opposite pairs of hooked and near-straight spines. Leaves ovate, tomentose beneath, markedly asymmetric at the base, 3-5-veined from the base, the veins impressed above; margin finely toothed. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, small, yellowish. Fruit a spherical drupe c. 3 cm, shiny red or reddish-brown when ripe, edible.
Notes: This species is very similar to the common Ziziphus mucronata. It can be distinguished by the Clearly impressed veins, above; the consistently tomentose leaves below; and the larger fruits. See also the introduced Z. mauritiana for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: In open woodland and along riverbanks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia, southwards to Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Tarucus sybaris sybaris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 9 July 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 550. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 371 - 374. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 420 - 422. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 158.


Other sources of information about Ziziphus abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ziziphus abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Ziziphus abyssinica
Flora of Zambia: Ziziphus abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ziziphus abyssinica
African Plant Database: Ziziphus abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ziziphus abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ziziphus abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ziziphus abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ziziphus abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ziziphus abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ziziphus abyssinica
iNaturalist: Ziziphus abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ziziphus abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Ziziphus abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ziziphus abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ziziphus abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Ziziphus abyssinica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ziziphus abyssinica
Tropicos: Ziziphus abyssinica
Wikipedia: Ziziphus abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ziziphus abyssinica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137640, retrieved 21 October 2019

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