Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.

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Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Gokwe to Svisvi River Bridge.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River Bridge, Gokwe District.

Berchemia discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River Bridge, Gokwe District.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phyllogeiton discolor (Klotzsch) Herzog
Common names: Bird-plum (English) Brown ivory (English) Mugaramhanga (Shona) Munhacha (Shona) Munyii (Shona) Mutatya (Shona) Umncaga (Ndebele) Umnyi (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large tree. Bark dark grey and fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic to slightly (ob)ovate, glossy dark green above, distinctly paler below; midrib and lateral veins prominent; margin entire. Flowers in small axillary clusters, yellowish-green. Fruit fleshy, slightly ovoid c. 15 × 7 mm, yellow when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: discolor: not of the same colour; the leaves however are only slightly discolorous
Habitat: In riverine forest and dry woodland, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1080 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also on the Arabian Peninsula.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 20 February 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 545. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 267 - 370. Phyllogeiton discolor (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 414 - 415. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 425 - 427. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 107. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 1.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 95.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.


Other sources of information about Berchemia discolor:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Caprivi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Malawi: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Mozambique: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Zambia: Berchemia discolor
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Berchemia discolor

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Berchemia discolor
African Plant Database: Berchemia discolor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Berchemia discolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berchemia discolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Berchemia discolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Berchemia discolor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Berchemia discolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Berchemia discolor
iNaturalist: Berchemia discolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berchemia discolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Berchemia discolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Berchemia discolor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Berchemia discolor
Plants of the World Online: Berchemia discolor
The Plant List (version 1.1): Berchemia discolor
Tropicos: Berchemia discolor
Wikipedia: Berchemia discolor


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Berchemia discolor.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137700, retrieved 16 September 2019

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