Rhamnus staddo A. Rich.

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Rhamnus staddo

Photo: Mark Hyde

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Synonyms: Rhamnus holstii Engl.
Rhamnus rhodesicus Suess.
Common names: Staddo (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or tree to 7 m tall. Branches frequently spine-tipped. Leaves crowded at the end of short shoots: petiole 1-3 mm long; lamina 1.2-2.5 × 0.7-1.5 cm, narrowly elliptic, elliptic, narrowly obovate or obovate, shiny above; base cuneate; margin entire or obscurely dentate. Inflorescences of few-flowered fascicles. Flowers 4-merous. Sepals 1.5 mm, triangular. Petals 1 mm long, shorter than the stamens. Ovary 3-locular; 1 ovule per loculus. Fruit 5 mm in diameter, somewhat fleshy.
Derivation of specific name: staddo: an Ethiopian vernacular name
Habitat: On termite mounds and granite hills.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Yemen and Oman in the Arabian Peninsula, south to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania and, after a wide gap, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 13 October 2017

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 428 - 429. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Other sources of information about Rhamnus staddo:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhamnus staddo
African Plant Database: Rhamnus staddo
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhamnus staddo
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhamnus staddo
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhamnus staddo
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhamnus staddo
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhamnus staddo
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhamnus staddo
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhamnus staddo
Plants of the World Online: Rhamnus staddo
Tropicos: Rhamnus staddo
Wikipedia: Rhamnus staddo

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhamnus staddo.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137740, retrieved 28 May 2024

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