Phylica paniculata Willd.

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Common names: Northern hard-leaf (English)
Status: Native
Much-branched shrub or small tree. Branchlets covered in grey woolly hairs. Leaves densely spirally arranged, lanceolate-elliptic, up to 15 × 5 mm, dark green above, densely white-woolly below; margin entire, rolled under. Flowers small and inconspicuous, greenish or whitish, in axillary or terminal heads or panicles. Fruit an obovoid capsule, 6-7 mm long, hairless, crowned with the base of the calyx, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: paniculata: with a branched racemose or cymose inflorescence (panicle)
Habitat: Along forest margins and among rocks in stunted Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1670 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jun
Worldwide distribution: South Africa and the Chimanimani and "Himalaya" Mts, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 549. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44.

Drummond, R.B. (1966). Rhamnaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 432 - 433. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 257.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Phylica paniculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Phylica paniculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phylica paniculata
African Plant Database: Phylica paniculata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phylica paniculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phylica paniculata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phylica paniculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phylica paniculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phylica paniculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Phylica paniculata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phylica paniculata
Plants of the World Online: Phylica paniculata
Tropicos: Phylica paniculata
Wikipedia: Phylica paniculata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phylica paniculata., retrieved 13 June 2024

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