Cissus rotundifolia (Forssk.) Vahl

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Cissus rotundifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Cissus rotundifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Cissus rotundifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
"Sacred" forest, Mahenye

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cissus crassifolia (Baker) Planch.
Vitis crassifolia Baker
Common names: Mudzambiringa (Shona) Round-leaved vine (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Vigorous climber. Stems 4-5 angled, sometimes pubescent, with forked tendrils. Leaves succulent, broadly ovate to sub-circular-elliptic, c. 8 × 8 cm, glabrescent or pubescent on both surfaces; margin crenate to serrate. Flowers in leaf-opposed and terminal, branched inflorescences, small, green. Fruit subspherical c. 1.5 × 1.3 cm, red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: rotundifolia: round-leaved
Habitat: In dry woodland and bush.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: from the Arabian Peninsula down the Eastern side of Africa to Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa. Mainly coastal but coming inland along the major river valleys.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hippotion celerio (Food plant)
Hippotion osiris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2015

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Page 20.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 451.

Other sources of information about Cissus rotundifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cissus rotundifolia
Flora of Malawi: Cissus rotundifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Cissus rotundifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cissus rotundifolia
African Plant Database: Cissus rotundifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cissus rotundifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cissus rotundifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cissus rotundifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cissus rotundifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cissus rotundifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cissus rotundifolia
iNaturalist: Cissus rotundifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cissus rotundifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Cissus rotundifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cissus rotundifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cissus rotundifolia
Plants of the World Online: Cissus rotundifolia
Tropicos: Cissus rotundifolia
Wikipedia: Cissus rotundifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cissus rotundifolia., retrieved 27 September 2021

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