Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze

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Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along trail no2, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lion Rock, Vumba

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near World's View, Nyanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Sparrmannia abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. micrantha Burret
Sparrmannia palmata E. Mey. ex Harv.
Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze subsp. micrantha (Burret) Weim.
Urena ricinocarpa Eckl. & Zeyh.
Common names: Mountain stock-rose (English)
Frequency: Frequent in E Highlands, rare elsewhere
Status: Native
Description:
Slender bush, occasionally scrambling, up to 3 m. Leaves 3-13 cm long, 3-7-lobed wth a cordate base and 5-7-veined from the base, lobed half to three quarters, middle lobe longest, with both simple and stellate hairs on both surfaces; margin irregularly crenate-dentate; petiole up to 8 cm long, pubescent; stipules up to 8 mm long, setaceous. Inflorescences in extra-axillary and leaf-opposed, 6-20-flowered umbels; peduncles up to 8 cm long, pubescent. Flowers white, sometimes tinged purplish with petals about as long as sepals; stamens numerous (c. 50), yellow. Capsule ellipsoid, 2-2.5 cm long including bristles, 4-5-valved, covered in bristles that stick to clothing and animal fur.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ricinocarpa: with fruits resembling Ricinus communis
Habitat: Along stream banks, forest margins and in clearings
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 90 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 583. As Sparrmannia ricinocarpa ricinocarpa (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 684.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 117.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 414 - 415. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 572.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.


Other sources of information about Sparrmannia ricinocarpa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Mozambique: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Zambia: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
iNaturalist: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
JSTOR Plant Science: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Plants of the World Online: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Tropicos: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Wikipedia: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138370, retrieved 29 November 2020

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