Grewia flava DC.

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Grewia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Grewia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Grewia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Grewia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grewia cana Sond.
Grewia hermannioides Harv.
Common names: Brandybush (English) Velvet raisin (English)
Status: Native
Dense multi-stemmed shrub, up to 2 m tall, occasionally a taller small tree. Bark dark grey-brown; young branches velvety, becoming dark purple-black. Leaves alternate, often held upright, elliptic to oblanceolate-obovate, up to 7 × 2.5 cm, 3-veined from the almost symmetric base, grey-green above, paler below, finely hairy on both surfaces or more so below; margin finely to somewhat coarsely toothed. Flowers yellow fading to orange-brown, 1.5 cm in diameter, solitary or in few-flowered axillary heads. Fruit spherical or 2-lobed, c. 8 mm in diameter, reddish-brown when ripe, edible.
Derivation of specific name: flava: yellow, referring to the flower colour, which is also yellow in many other species.
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland, often on Kalahari sand.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Leucochitonea levubu (Larval foodplant)
Abantis tettensis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 April 2008

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 432 - 433. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 76 - 78. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 46. as Grewia cana

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 52 - 53.

Other sources of information about Grewia flava:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Grewia flava
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia flava

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia flava
African Plant Database: Grewia flava
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Grewia flava
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia flava
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia flava
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Grewia flava
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Grewia flava
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia flava
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Grewia flava
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia flava
Ispot Southern Africa: Grewia flava
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia flava
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Grewia flava
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia flava
The Plant List (version 1.1): Grewia flava
Tropicos: Grewia flava

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia flava., retrieved 25 May 2018

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