Grewia flavescens Juss.
var. flavescens

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Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Marydale Point Lake Chivero Recreational Park

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Donkey-berry (English) Mubhununu (Shona) Mujonjoma (Shona) Mumhudzungwa (Shona) Sandpaper raisin (English) Ubhunzu (Ndebele) Umklampunzi (Ndebele) Umnaba (Ndebele) Umtewa (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub. Older branches distinctly square-angled. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, light green with stellate hairs on both surfaces; margins irregularly toothed. Flowers yellow, axillary in groups of 2 or 3.
Notes: This species is similar to Grewia olukondae, which was formerly considered a variety of G. flavescens. They can be distinguished as follows:
G. flavescens has narrower leaves with a rounded or square base and flower stalks less than 10 mm;
G. olukondae has broader, almost circular leaves with a rounded, often lobed base and flower stalks longer than 10 mm.
Derivation of specific name: flavescens: yellowish
Habitat: In open woodland, on rocky hillsides and along the margins of riverine and evergreen forest, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, Namibia, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also in the Arabian Peninsula and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rufoclanis numosae (Larval foodplant)
Anaphe reticulata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 March 2007

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 572. As Grewia flavescens (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 16.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 434 - 435. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 316. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 227.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 46.

Other sources of information about Grewia flavescens var. flavescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Malawi: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Mozambique: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens
Flora of Zambia: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia flavescens
African Plant Database: Grewia flavescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia flavescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia flavescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia flavescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Grewia flavescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia flavescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia flavescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia flavescens
Plants of the World Online: Grewia flavescens
Tropicos: Grewia flavescens
Wikipedia: Grewia flavescens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia flavescens var. flavescens., retrieved 10 December 2023

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