Grewia occidentalis L.
var. occidentalis

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Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis

Photo: David Hartung
Garden, Maxwell Rd, Harare

Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle, kopje behind hotel

Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grewia chirindae Baker f.
Grewia microphylla Weim.
Common names: Bow-wood (English) Button-wood (English) Cross-berry (English) Mumaka (Shona) Musosobiana (Shona) Umsosobiyane (Ndebele)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, often scrambling. Leaves elliptic to slightly ovate, up to 14 cm long, 3-veined from the symmetric base, somewhat shiny green above, somewhat paler below, sparsely hairy mainly on the veins; margin scalloped or toothed. Flowers leaf-opposed, solitary or in few-flowered clusters, purple, mauve or pink, rarely white, c. 3 cm in diameter. Fruit mostly 4-lobed, c. 15 mm in diameter, reddish-brown when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: occidentalis: occidental, western
Habitat: At forest margins. open woodland or in scrub.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rufoclanis numosae (L)
Anaphe reticulata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 13 December 2005

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 579. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 47. as Grewia chirindae (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 58 - 59.

Other sources of information about Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis
Flora of Mozambique: Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia occidentalis
African Plant Database: Grewia occidentalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia occidentalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia occidentalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Grewia occidentalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Grewia occidentalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia occidentalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Grewia occidentalis
iNaturalist: Grewia occidentalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia occidentalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia occidentalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Grewia occidentalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia occidentalis
Plants of the World Online: Grewia occidentalis
Tropicos: Grewia occidentalis
Wikipedia: Grewia occidentalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia occidentalis var. occidentalis., retrieved 22 September 2021

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