Grewia tenax (Forssk.) Fiori

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Grewia tenax

Photo: Rob Burrett

Grewia tenax

Photo: Rob Burrett

Grewia tenax

Photo: Rob Burrett

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Synonyms: Chadara tenax Forssk.
Grewia betulifolia Juss.
Grewia populifolia Vahl
Common names: Small-leaved white raisin (English) White cross-berry (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub, up to 2 m. Leaves ± circular to obovate, rough to the touch; margin dentate. Flowers single, leaf-opposed. Sepals green outside, white inside. Petals white, linear and 2-toothed at apex. Fruit in a distinct cluster of 4 carpels, shiny..
Derivation of specific name: tenax: tenacious, strong
Habitat: In the driest woodland or semi-desert scrub
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa from northern South Africa and Namibia to Ethiopia and Arabia and through West Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 440 - 441. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 59.

Other sources of information about Grewia tenax:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Grewia tenax
Flora of Caprivi: Grewia tenax

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia tenax
African Plant Database: Grewia tenax
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia tenax
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia tenax
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia tenax
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Grewia tenax
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia tenax
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia tenax
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia tenax
Plants of the World Online: Grewia tenax
Tropicos: Grewia tenax
Wikipedia: Grewia tenax

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Grewia tenax., retrieved 11 December 2023

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